Wristwatches are made out of different materials depending on the brand and the model. You may think it’s not that important, but it actually matters a great deal as the material determines the longevity of the watch as well as its aesthetics. We have prepared descriptions of the most common materials used in watchmaking so you can decide which one is best suited for your needs. Let's take a look!
Stainless steel has a composition of being an iron-carbon alloy, combined with chromium and pennie. It is the most widely used watch material. In general, stainless steel is difficult to scratch as it’s durable, lightweight, and tough is most popular for its ability to resisting corrosion, maintaining a shine for long life, and keeping intact the strength of steel. These watches can have two finishings: polish or brush. Polishing creates a shiny surface, but brushing makes the surface look rugged and is more suited for the outdoor types of watches. This material has its downsides as it is easily damaged and prone to scratches, dents, smudges, and fingerprints, so you have to be careful when wearing it.
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Wood is a natural material available in different colors and grain types, which makes every watch made from it unique. This material provides the perfect base for watchmakers to show their craftsmanship by creating outstanding designs. A wooden watch will age beautifully compared to other materials like metal, that can get damaged from sun and water. Plus, wood is an eco-friendly material, which is mostly sustainably sourced, so it doesn’t do any harm to nature. Wood is very durable and lightweight and develops a lustrous patina over the years. It also can be easily restored if it gets scratches or dents. If you like unique accessories that will stand out and haven’t been seen by most people, a wooden watch is a great option. List with the best wooden watches.
Titanium is alloyed with other materials. It’s a lightweight material and allows wristwatches to be light and durable, twice as strong as stainless steel, so it is best suited for luxury sports watches. Titanium resists corrosion and is also hypoallergenic - a relief for people with metal allergies. But its dull silvery surface makes it look less stellar than an ordinary stainless steel watch. They can be used regularly and can withstand the normal environment quite easily. Just keep in mind that this material is difficult to work with, so it could be quite expensive to restore your watch if it gets damaged.
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Ceramics has a composition of zirconium oxide - a hardened form of clay. There are a number of positive aspects to watches made out of ceramics as they are heat resistant and scratch proof. This material is comfortable to use and a popular choice for luxury watches due to its long lasting shine. It is also non-porous, easy to clean, and more lightweight than most materials. Though, it is not as impact resistant as steel is, ceramic will just break leaving you with expensive repair bill, so it needs to be used very carefully. A watch made of ceramic is very expensive since it is unique and has to be custom made.
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White Gold is a pure precious metal, typically combined with silver or even palladium. It’s a very popular choice, because it looks like stainless steel, but is more discreet than watches made from yellow gold - some people may mistake the two though. This material is used in high-end, luxury or even heirloom dress watches.
Yellow Gold is pure gold, which is 24 karat, that has been alloyed with other materials. This material is very gleaming and conventional, and corrosion free, but also is a very soft and may scratch and otherwise become damaged. Gold is suited for showy watches that will attract attention. They are expensive and also heavy, not suited for everyday uses, but definitely a status symbol for high-end events.
Rose Gold is a pure 24 karat precious metal that has been combined with varying amounts of copper. Many people appreciate this material because of its wealthy and distinctive colouring, but it can be prone to dents and scratches. This is the best material regarding formal evening watches and really dressy sports activities watches.
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Carbon Fiber is composed of carbon atoms bonded together to form a long chain. It is one of the sturdiest and lightest watch materials out there and without a doubt one of the highest quality you can find. It is, however, very expensive – so it will cost you a mini fortune to get a carbon fiber watch on your wrist. Given that carbon fiber is mainly used in leading sports instruments and even supercars, this adds a thrill and glory to the watches made of this material. Not that, once the ultimate strength of the carbon fiber is exceeded, it has a high chance of being shattered.
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Physical Vapor Deposition
This is a metal coating method with an added layer of either carbides, nitrides or oxides, which have an ionic attraction. It has a masculine black patina, but it’s not one of the most scratch proof materials as the original steel color may wear off due to friction or impacts. This material is best suited for sports activity watches.
Silicone ruber watches are soft and rubbery, and comfortable to wear. The rubber properties also makes them waterproof and lightweight. Silicon is also synthetic, so this material allows users to experience a wide variety of colors which are not feasible with other materials. Usually watches made from this material look a little childish and are likely to be attacked by nibbling insects. It will be best suited for someone who likes funky watches, comfort wear and expects a lot of durability. A ruber watch will feel comfortable during sports activities aswell.
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Plastic is one of the most common and cheapest materials for almost everything. It might be considered as an innovative and efficient material, but it has some serious environmental concern. Definitely not the best watch material either. You won’t get the classiest watch out of it, but due to its colorful appearance, you can get something funky. In terms of lightweight and durability, it is an okay choice as it can easily be scratched. Not to mention that a great force applied on the case can snap and break it. It also doesn’t have the pretty shine finish that some of the other materials have. So it is better to think twice before purchasing a plastic watch.
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Have you decided which wristwatch material is the best suited for you? And that is not all of it, there are a lot of other things to consider when choosing the perfect watch, like the details and craftsmanship that makes a watch special. There are more aspects to cover on this topic, so stay tuned and revisit: https://oviwatch.com/blogs/news